Do you think feats of 3D printing are limited to only industries and biomedical uses? Think again geeks for New York Fashion Week had quite an amazing twist to it this time featuring he New York Fashion house Threeasfour unveiling two 3D printed dresses that were based on biological forms and textures. The dresses have been named as Harmonograph and Pangolin and were unveiled on Monday at Threeasfour’s Autumn Winter 2016 runway show.
Both dresses are part of Threeasfour’s Biomimicry collection and are aimed at demonstration of ‘possibilities unfolding at the intersection of fashion, design and technology’. Designers Gabi Asfour, Adi Gil and Angela Donhauser lead Threeasfour which is known for the complex designs and experimental use of materials.
The fashion house’s first run with the 3D printing took place back in 2013 in collaboration with Materialise, a Belgian company. The recent two dresses have been described by Gil as ‘the most advanced 3D printed dresses that we have created to date’ and were manufactured in collaboration with New York designer Travis Fitch and Stratasys – a 3D printer manufacture based in Minnesota.
The Harmonograph dress peculiarly circles around the wearer’s body in three spirals and mimick the Fibonacci sequence and has been named after a mechanical device that makes use of pendulums for the creation of geometric images.
Whereas the Pangolin dress has been inspired from a signature Threeasfour design that is comprised of 14 pattern pieces. The new 3D printer version features a single skin that has been created by putting together varying interlocking weaves. Gil said, “The interwoven nature of the geometry could not be produced in a traditional manner, and it was critical to us that the design should evoke a language unique to 3D printing.”
The team has made use of Stratasys’ Object500 Connex3 3D printer that is capable of 3D printing single object with varying colors and materials while enabling designers to be able to alter properties such as transparency, porosity and rigidity.
Gil further said, “The entire design, from its initial conception was intended to maximize the potentials inherent to this technology. As artists and designers, it is our prerogative, and our nature, to explore the bounds of new technological opportunities, and to push the limits of the way in which forms are created.”
These dresses are the first demonstration of a brand new material that has been named as Nano Enhanced Elastomeric Technology and was developed by Stratasys. The material is acrylic based and has been designed to mimic rubber. Owing to its durability and flexibility, the material ‘represents a big step forward for 3D printed fashion design.’ Stratasys further added, “The material will also be ideal for additional applications and industries, such as automotive, consumer goods, consumer electronics and medical devices.”
This project is the latest in an installment of collaborations that is working between Stratasys and a number of top-class designers such as Neri Oxman, Iris van Herpen, Francis Bitoni and Zaha Hadid.
Stratasys Creative Director Overseeing Art, Fashion and Design, Naomi Kaempfer said, “We are always looking to revolutionize manufacturing methods, pioneer new design options and inspire designers and students to create avant-garde expressions of fashion. Collaborative projects with talented and visionary designers, such as Threeasfour, are the ideal way to showcase to aspiring designers, students and creatives the types of organic and complex mathematical structures that can become a physical reality with 3D printing.”